Wooden Tablet – Berlin 23308 (Late Period)

Sekhmet, her arrow is in you, the magic of Thoth is in your body, Isis curses you, Nephthys drives you off, the harpoon of Horus is in your head, they act (against) you again and again, one who is in the brazier of Horus who is in Three Hundred Town, the Great God who resides in the House of Life, he blinds your eyes, everyone, all mankind, all commoners, all sun-folk, etc. who will cast the evil eye against Pedamunnebnesuttawy, born of Mehutemwesket, in any evil or ominous form. You will be felled like Apophis, you will die, you will not live for eternity.

Own translation from Borghouts, J. F. (1978), Ancient Egyptian Magical Texts, Leiden: Brill, 2 and Schott, S. (1931), ‘Ein Amulett gegen den bösen Blick’, ZÄS 67, 106-110.

Colledge, S. L. (2015), The Process of Cursing in Ancient Egypt. PhD thesis. University of Liverpool. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/29127849/The_Process_of_Cursing_in_Ancient_Egypt (Accessed: 19/2/17)

 

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Tomb of Ankhmahor (6th Dynasty at Saqqara)

As for anything which you will do against this tomb of mine of the necropolis, [the like will be done] against your possessions. [As for] any [man or woman] who will enter into this tomb of mine in their impurity… [I will wring] him like a bird and fear will be put in him about seeing akhs upon earth, so they will fear an excellent akh. [I will be judged] with him in the august council of the Great God.

Own translation from Sethe, K. (1933), Urkunden des Alten Reichs, Leipzig: Hinrich, 202.1 and 202.3-9.

Colledge, S. L. (2015), The Process of Cursing in Ancient Egypt. PhD thesis. University of Liverpool. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/29127849/The_Process_of_Cursing_in_Ancient_Egypt (Accessed: 19/2/17)

Stela of Neferhotep (13th Dynasty at Abydos)

As for anyone who will be found within these stelae, apart from a priest at his business, he will be branded. Now, as for any magistrate who will have a tomb made for himself within the sacred place, he will be reported and the law implemented on him and the necropolis keeper likewise on this day.

Own translation from Breasted, J. H. (1906), Ancient Records of Egypt: Historical Documents from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest Collected, Edited and Translated, Volume I, Chicago: University of Chicago Press and Leahy, A. (1989), ‘A Protective Measure at Abydos in the Thirteenth Dynasty’ JEA 75, 45-60.

Colledge, S. L. (2015), The Process of Cursing in Ancient Egypt. PhD thesis. University of Liverpool. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/29127849/The_Process_of_Cursing_in_Ancient_Egypt (Accessed: 19/2/17)

Stela of Neferhotep – JdE 6307 (13th Dynasty at Abydos)

He who will defy me will not live, my opponent will not breathe the air, his name will not exist among the living, his ka will be restrained in front of the officials, he will be at the gates of this god, [namely] he who will oppose the decree of my Majesty, those who will not act in accordance with this decree of my Majesty, those who will not present me to this august god, those who will not offer what I have made as his divine offerings, those [who will not] give praise to me at every festival of this temple, within the divine temple, the entirety of this temple, and every office of Abydos.

Own translation from Helck, W. (1975), Historisch-biographische Texte der 2. Zwischenzeit und neue Texte der 18. Dynastie, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 29.

Colledge, S. L. (2015), The Process of Cursing in Ancient Egypt. PhD thesis. University of Liverpool. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/29127849/The_Process_of_Cursing_in_Ancient_Egypt (Accessed: 19/2/17)

Block Statue of Montuemhat – JdE 31883 (25th Dynasty at Karnak)

The governor, the ruler of the foreign lands, Montuemhat, he says “As for anyone against this tomb in place: the one who disturbs is a criminal,  years will be diminished, one whose burial does not exist, without an heir from his wife…”

Own translation from Borchardt, L. (1925), Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes du Musée du Caire, teil 2, Berlin: Reichsdruckerei and Leclant, J. (1961), Montouemhat, quatrième prophète d’Amon, prince de la ville, Cairo: Imprimerie de l’Institut Francais d’Archeologie Orientale.

Colledge, S. L. (2015), The Process of Cursing in Ancient Egypt. PhD thesis. University of Liverpool. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/29127849/The_Process_of_Cursing_in_Ancient_Egypt (Accessed: 19/2/17)

Tomb of Tefibi (Herakleopolitan Period at Siut)

As for any rebel who will rebel, who will plot in his heart to commit disturbance against this tomb and what is in it, who will damage the inscriptions, who will destroy the images in the tombs of the ancestors, in the necropolis of Siut or in the temple of the lord of Rekerret, because he did not fear the judgement which is in it: there is no benefit for him in the necropolis, the place of the akhs, his possessions will not exist in the necropolis, his children will be expelled from their tombs, he will be an enemy of the akhs, one who the lord of the necropolis does not know, [his name will not be pronounced] among the akhs, memory of him will not exist with those upon earth, his name will not exist with his children, water will not be poured for him, and there will not be any voice offerings for him in the Wag Festival or any festival.

As for any chief, a son of any noble man, any august one, any commoner, who will not protect this tomb and what is in it: his god will not accept his white-bread offering, he will not be buried in the West, their bodies will be fire together with criminals, who have been made as non-existent ones.

Own translation from Edel, E. (1984), Die Inschriften der Grabfronten der Siut-Gráber in Mittelägypten aus der Herakleopolitenzeit, Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag and Griffith, F. Ll. (1889), The Inscriptions of Siût and Dêr Rîfeh, London: Trubner.

Colledge, S. L. (2015), The Process of Cursing in Ancient Egypt. PhD thesis. University of Liverpool. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/29127849/The_Process_of_Cursing_in_Ancient_Egypt (Accessed: 19/2/17)

Unknown Tomb at el-Hasaia (26th Dynasty)

As for the one who does not say this (voice offering): he will be for his local god’s rage and (for) the king’s striking down, he will not be remembered among akhs, his name will not be pronounced in the land forever and ever, there will not be a voice offering for him, there is not his burial in the western necropolis, and he will burn together with the criminals after Thoth has planted an obstacle against him. His face will be spat upon.

Own translation from Edel, E. (1984), Die Inschriften der Grabfronten der Siut-Gráber in Mittelägypten aus der Herakleopolitenzeit, Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 190.

Colledge, S. L. (2015), The Process of Cursing in Ancient Egypt. PhD thesis. University of Liverpool. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/29127849/The_Process_of_Cursing_in_Ancient_Egypt (Accessed: 19/2/17)